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杨安泽的建议本身正确却为何引发众多批评?

已有 596 次阅读2020-5-1 11:56 |个人分类:杨安泽|系统分类:个人日记

NH初选投票的当天傍晚杨安泽宣布退出总统竞选。极其暂短的时间他获得了华裔广泛大力支持,在没有人脉,资金,名气,政治经历积累的情况下,他赢得了8?次初选辩论机会。杨安泽在华人参政上书写下美国历史新的一页,极大地鼓舞了美国华人的政治热情,特别是给年轻一代做出榜样。所以说杨安泽进行了一次非常成功的竞选。

疫情出现后,杨安泽的这篇读者来信在亚裔社区引发了一场对种族歧视的认识与态度的讨论。https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/04/01/andrew-yang-coronavirus-discrimination/
集中在如下两个问题上: 
1. “ashamed” 我个人相信杨安泽这么才华横溢的人,在任何人面前都不必羞愧,更何况他没有做任何事。然而无论他如何解释这个“ashamed”是什么意思,这次他应该清楚地意识到,当他使用“ashamed”的时候,读者会怎么想,特别是亚裔年轻人,他们会不会觉得,如果就连杨安泽都为身为亚裔“ashamed”,我们是不是真的该踏踏实实地甘当二等公民了?

2. 谈到亚裔遭遇种族歧视。批评意见是首先应该指责(perpetrator)发起歧视的人,而不是闭口不指责施行歧视的人,而是劝告(尽管好心)受害者如何做得更好来避免歧视。
不是说你杨安泽的建议不对或者高明,而是你的方向需要调正,或首先要明确谴责歧视。

杨安泽希望华裔更多参与美国政治,更加美国化,这不仅是很好的建议而且很及时。任何移民群体和弱势群体在获得基本经济地位后,都应该及时提高政治参与和公民参程度。
然而,为什么许多华裔批评(正确)杨这番话?听了对杨安泽的批评后,我认为他们批评得对。

首先,种族歧视的本质是歧视族裔本身,而不是你够不够优秀正如Leonard Pitts 一篇给杨的公开信的标题指出:对于种族歧视份子,“就连你杨安泽也不够好”。是的,我完全赞同Leo的说法。
就在杨竞选路上,已经有人公开自己对他族裔的偏见了。
然而,当少数族裔获得成功时,赞赏的人,改变态度和看法的人确实大大增加。难道,“提高你自己”这个建议错了吗?当然没有错。其次,我和朋友私下讨论歧视问题时,也一致谈到这个必须的努力方向,完全正确。任何人都应该提高自己,所有人都渴望成功。“提高你自己”empower ourselves会提高我们对歧视的抵抗力。
那么杨安泽这个回复错在哪里?
杨作为一个身为政治家,他应该清楚他这番话的听众是整个美国社会。惯于施行种族歧视的群体(白人至上者)听了会得到什么信息?其它传统上被歧视的黑人,西语裔会怎么想?华人中,许多人由于年纪太小/大,经济或文化状况不可能去实现“美国化”的群体怎么感觉?即使是受到良好教育的华人而且也愿意“美国化”,甚至捐款拜票积极支持杨安泽的那些华人,要进一步达到“美国化”是需要时间的。那么在这之前,怎么办?他们就应该活活忍着,谁让你自己不够“美国化”?(写到这里,我突然觉得杨安泽没继续当律师或当法官或许是件好事?)  疫情之下,对华人摸样的攻击骚扰急剧上升,而且随着复工后大家接触机会增加,巨大的经济损失,疫情巨大杀伤力,大选年政客们拿出“砸中国”这一本万利的(as lucrative as opium trade)看家本领,美国华人无疑已经进入了最寒冷的季节!全世界都对抗新冠这一种病毒,唯有华人男女老少必须左右开弓对付第二个“仇恨”病毒。

在这个听众面前,在这个现实之下,如果杨安泽首先公开谴责种族歧视,再谈empower ourselves,效果会很不同。说到empower ourselves,如果对白人是个生存需要的活动,对少数族裔来说,可能会遇到比白人更多的障碍。
专栏作家 Leonard Pitts 是著名作家,他的评论值得学习:
04/07  Yang offensively tells Asians to be more “American” -Some of us will never be American enough to satisfy bigots — not even you, Andrew Yang
04/08 Why should Asians have to prove themselves?   04/08 Andrew Yang is wrong on racism

Yang’s advice to Asian Americans for dealing with all this? Prove yourselves.
“We Asian Americans,” he wrote, “need to embrace and show our American-ness in ways we never have before. We need to step up, help our neighbors, donate gear, vote, wear red white and blue, volunteer, fund aid organizations, and do everything in our power to accelerate the end of this crisis. We should show without a shadow of a doubt that we are Americans who will do our part for our country in this time of need.”
It’s hard to imagine advice more shallow, offensive or ignorant. Certainly, each of us should do all that he or she can to mitigate this crisis. But why should that be a special responsibility of Asians? Why should they be required to prove themselves to racist morons?

对我来说这是一个非常好的受教育机会。类似的话我和朋友之间也会这么说,但是范围不同所以谴责歧视就省略了因为说话的人和听众早已经有共识。
尽管我坚信杨安泽反对种族歧视并诚心想出主意帮助亚裔抗击歧视,然而作为一个事实上的领袖人物,杨安泽需要进一步了解亚裔对种族歧视的感受和立场。考虑到杨安泽比较年轻而且生长在相对优越单一的高级知识阶层,杨安泽有必要深入了解亚裔遭受种族歧视的历史。并且应该如克林顿所说:I feel your pain. 我相信杨安泽会进步,会做得更好。
Blaming the victim during a time of vulnerability
"Andrew Yang failed to recognize the fundamental reality of the racism that drives a teenager to call him by a slur, or the three men who glared at him with the accusatory look that he is to blame for the novel coronavirus. "

more on this topic
我找到一篇denfending AY 维护AY的文章,如果谁有类似的,欢迎分享:
https://spectator.us/andrew-yang-right-america-asians-racism-coronavirus/

大多数是批评态度:
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/04/03/andrew-yang-was-wrong-showing-our-american-ness-is-not-how-asian-americans-stop-racism/

https://www.vox.com/2020/4/3/21206760/andrew-yang-washington-post-asian-americans-opinion



https://abcnews.go.com/US/andrew-yang-faces-backlash-asian-american-community-op/story?id=69961672

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/andrew-yang-asian-americans-racism-column_n_5e86549dc5b63e06281b4660

https://melmagazine.com/en-us/story/andrew-yang-just-doesnt-get-racism
https://www.newsweek.com/andrew-yang-asian-americans-stepping-fight-coronavirus-1495708

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/asian-america/japanese-americans-speak-out-against-andrew-yang-s-call-asian-n1176126

https://ccsre.stanford.edu/news/anti-asian-racism-isn-t-new-andrew-yang-it-s-american
https://www.bitchmedia.org/article/andrew-yang-washington-post-column-asks-asian-americans-prove-americanness

https://secondnexus.com/andrew-yang-washington-post-column

https://www.expressnews.com/opinion/commentary/article/Anglin-As-COVID-19-spreads-so-does-anti-Asian-15192732.php

https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/comedian-jenny-yang-rebuts-andrew-yang-op-ed-satirical-video-1288623

https://nextshark.com/andrew-yang-talks-coronavirus-racism/

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/29/us/politics/coronavirus-asian-americans.html

http://reappropriate.co/tag/andrew-yang/

https://planamag.com/andrew-yangs-chilling-message-to-asian-americans/

https://medium.com/center-for-comparative-studies-in-race-and/anti-asian-racism-isnt-new-andrew-yang-it-s-american-88e4742e5e52

https://www.blackagendareport.com/yellow-skin-white-masks-andrew-yang-and-democratic-partys-school-white-supremacist-thought

https://www.browndailyherald.com/2020/04/07/ren-23-andrew-yang-wrong-asian-americans-not-prove-american-ness/

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/15/andrew-yang-snl-comedian-racist-comment
https://www.laprogressive.com/andrew-yang/

https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2019/04/andrew-yang-4chan-alt-right/

https://www.civilbeat.org/2020/05/showing-americanness-is-not-the-answer-to-covid-fueled-racism/

http://jennyyang.tv/blog/bemoreamerican-andrewyang-coronavirus

有些杨粉,无法面对现实,无法接受杨可能拿出缺陷很大的回答来的现实。或者恐惧这会让大家不喜欢杨安泽所以拼命阻止我们这样的人说实话。
然而,只有诚恳的态度才是最好帮助杨安泽和华人利益。
挺杨的本质是为了华人。

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